Essai sur les donnees immediates de la conscience

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essai sur les donnees immediates de la conscience

Essai sur les donnees immediates de la conscience by Henri Bergson (1 star ratings)

Tire d’un travail de these, cet essai constitue une premiere etape decisive dans la pensee de Bergson consacre au temps subjectif et a la memoire. Il prepare de plusieurs facons les essais ulterieurs. C’est meme chronologiquement et logiquement rien moins que la pierre angulaire de sa philosophie que cet essai presente.

Extrait:
“ Nous nous exprimons necessairement par des mots, et nous pensons le plus souvent dans l’espace. En d’autres termes, le langage exige que nous etablissions entre nos idees les memes distinctions nettes et precises, la meme discontinuite qu’entre les objets materiels. Cette assimilation est utile dans la vie pratique, et necessaire dans la plupart des sciences. Mais on pourrait se demander si les difficultes insurmontables que certains problemes philoso¬phiques soulevent ne viendraient pas de ce qu’on s’obstine a juxtaposer dans l’espace les phenomenes qui n’occupent point d’espace, et si, en faisant abstraction des grossieres images autour desquelles le combat se livre, on n’y mettrait pas parfois un terme. Quand une traduction illegitime de l’inetendu en etendu, de la qualite en quantite, a installe la contradiction au c?ur meme de la question posee est-il etonnant que la contradiction se retrouve dans les solutions qu’on en donne? Nous avons choisi, parmi les problemes, celui qui est commun a la metaphysique et a la psychologie, le probleme de la liberte. Nous essayons d’etablir que toute discussion entre les deterministes et leurs adversaires implique une confusion prealable de la duree avec l’etendue, de la succession avec la simultaneite, de la qualite avec la quantite : une fois cette confusion dissipee, on verrait peut-etre s’evanouir les objections elevees contre la liberte, les definitions qu’on en donne, et, en un certain sens, le probleme de la liberte lui-meme. Cette demonstration fait l’objet de la troisieme partie de notre travail : les deux premiers chapitres, ou l’on etudie les notions d’intensite et de duree, ont ete ecrits pour servir d’introduction au troisieme.”
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Published 25.12.2018

3 Philosophie - Le temps - Conscience du temps - LUC F DUMAS _

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The author died in , so this work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 75 years or fewer. This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published or registered with the U. Copyright Office before January 1, This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.

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In this paper, the controversy between William James and Henri Bergson is considered as from the topic of individuality and the very similar way in which the two philosophers theorized its temporalistic and pluralistic constitution. Both of them have been deeply influenced by Emerson, even though in different measure and sometimes with different — if not diverging — philosophical results. Really, it looks unusual that the two philosophers — both started from an idea of temporality of conscience so similar to be practically interchangeable — reach a conclusion at last, in many respects, diametrically opposite. With the same resolution, Bergson affirms not to have known of the same epoch in the article published in on Mind by W. James had elaborated the basis of his psychological theory well before i. It will not be assumed, in this occasion, the assignment to add new remarks inside this explored debate; the differences between the origins and the subsequent theoretical developments of the two philosophies, in fact, are evident. The idea of a qualitative notion of temporality, indeed, opens the doors to a concept of human beings in which the value awarded to the notions of novelty and individuality plays a decisive role, opening the way to a new form of universalism of values and normative ideals: a concrete and personalistic universalism.

Bergson argues for free will by showing that the arguments against it come from a confusion of different conceptions of time. As opposed to physicists' idea of measurable time, life is perceived in human experience as a continuous and immeasurable flow rather than as a succession of marked-off states of consciousness. Convert currency. Add to Basket. Couverture souple. Condition: Assez bon.

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3 thoughts on “Essai sur les donnees immediates de la conscience by Henri Bergson (1 star ratings)

  1. Essai sur les donnees immediates de la conscience. by: Bergson, Henri, Publication date: Topics: Consciousness, Free will.

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