Reconstruction Quotes (27 quotes)
"Betrayal of the Freedman: Rutherford B. Hayes and the End of Reconstruction"
Leaders in the North disagreed about the terms of Reconstruction. Reconstruction ended in Reconstruction came to an end due to the Compromise of How did the Compromise of lead to the end of the reconstruction? Rutherford Hayes oversaw the end of the Reconstruction Era. Ministry of Reconstruction ended in This informal understanding marked the end of Radical Reconstruction.
Reconstruction , in U. Long portrayed by many historians as a time when vindictive Radical Republicans fastened black supremacy upon the defeated Confederacy , Reconstruction has since the late 20th century been viewed more sympathetically as a laudable experiment in interracial democracy. At the national level, new laws and constitutional amendments permanently altered the federal system and the definition of American citizenship. In the South , a politically mobilized black community joined with white allies to bring the Republican Party to power, and with it a redefinition of the responsibilities of government. The national debate over Reconstruction began during the Civil War.
Impeachment of Johnson
The Compromise of the Great Betrayal was an informal, unwritten deal, that settled the intensely disputed U. It resulted in the United States federal government pulling the last troops out of the South, and formally ended the Reconstruction Era. Through the Compromise, Republican Rutherford B. Tilden on the understanding that Hayes would remove the federal troops whose support was essential for the survival of Republican state governments in South Carolina , Florida and Louisiana. The compromise involved Democrats who controlled the House of Representatives allowing the decision of the Electoral Commission to take effect. The outgoing president, Republican Ulysses S.
Immediately after the presidential election of , it became clear that the outcome of the race hinged largely on disputed returns from Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina—the only three states in the South with Reconstruction-era Republican governments still in power. As a result of the so-called Compromise of or Compromise of , Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina became Democratic once again, effectively marking the end of the Reconstruction era. By the s, support was waning for the racially egalitarian policies of Reconstruction , as many southern whites had resorted to intimidation and violence to keep blacks from voting and restore white supremacy in the region. Beginning in , a series of Supreme Court decisions limited the scope of Reconstruction-era laws and federal support for the so-called Reconstruction Amendments, particularly the 14th and 15th, which gave African Americans the status of citizenship and the protection of the Constitution , including the all-important right to vote. In addition, accusations of corruption within the administration of Ulysses S. Grant and an economic depression had heightened discontent with the Republican Party, in the White House since
The Reconstruction era was the period in American history which lasted from to It was a significant chapter in the history of American civil rights. The term has two applications: the first applies to the complete history of the entire country from to following the American Civil War ; the second, to the attempted transformation of the 11 former Confederate states from to , as directed by Congress. Reconstruction ended the remnants of Confederate secession and ended slavery, making the newly freed slaves citizens with civil rights ostensibly guaranteed by three new Constitutional amendments. Three visions of Civil War memory appeared during Reconstruction: the reconciliationist vision, which was rooted in coping with the death and devastation the war had brought; the white supremacist vision, which included segregation and the preservation of the traditional cultural standards of the South; and the emancipationist vision, which sought full freedom, citizenship, and Constitutional equality for African Americans. Johnson favored rapid measures to bring the South back into the Union, allowing the Southern states to determine the rights of former slaves.